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Year 1

What We Are Learning

Year 1 – Phonics

Information for Parents


Year 1 objectives


What is phonics?

Children are taught to read by breaking down words into separate sounds or ‘phonemes’. They are then taught how to blend these sounds together to read the whole word.


Image result for cat clipart c/a/t    cat           Image result for ship clipartsh/i/p    ship

  • There are 44 different phonemes (sounds) for the children to learn.
  • Children have a 20/30 minute phonics lesson 4 times per week and they are encouraged to use the strategies taught to read and write in other lessons.

Teaching phonics

The correct pronunciation of letter sounds (not letter names) is essential.

The following websites demonstrate how to pronounce the phonemes correctly and/or have games for the children to play:

Expectations for children in Year 1

  • By the end of Year 1, children should be secure at Phase 5.
  • Enclosed in this pack is a set of Phase 3 flash cards.
  • Phase 4 is a stage in phonics where letter blends and clusters are taught e.g. st, mp, tr, nk.
  • Most children in Year 1 are working on Phase 5 sounds but need to revisit all other Phases.

The Year 1 Phonics Check is designed to test Phonics knowledge up to, and including, Phase 5. This will be carried out at the beginning of June.

How can you help at home?

  • Use flashcards to encourage children to recognise phonemes quickly.
  • Encourage children to spot diagraphs and trigraphs within words when reading (e.g. s/igh/t igh is a trigraph, three letters one sound. Sh/i/p  sh is a diagraph, two letters one sound)
  • Revisit the phase and high frequency word lists with your children (enclosed in this pack).
  • Use their phonics in a fun way by playing games online.

Reading regularly will also support your children with their phonics. The book that is sent home from school should be an easy read. At home the main focus is for the child to build on their fluency (reading how you speak), inference (meaning), comprehension (understanding) and expression (using the punctuation). This book should not be a difficult read! 

Thank you for all of your current and future help!

Parents and Pupils

To see more information and photos from your classroom please log into the school learning platform DBPrimary www.kenilworth.herts.dbprimary.com with your own log in details available from your class teacher.

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